During the gutters using, sometimes you need to make a complete or partial repair. This is due to the influence of external factors – the mechanical effect of a snow cap or large water flows, wind load, and other phenomena.
If the gutters aren’t repaired in time, they won’t fully perform their functions. But first, you need to take a closer look at the types of breakdowns and the reasons for difficulties.
Defects: types and factors of their appearance
To organize the removal of precipitation, special drainage systems are installed on the roof surface. They consist of a gutters system, pipes, and funnels, connected into a single line. Depending on the type of roof, installation is carried out on the eaves (gutters and funnels) and the building facade (pipes).
During the entire service life, each of the components of the drainage system is exposed to external weather factors. They are the reason for the defect’s appearance. Besides, the integrity and functionality of the drain are affected by improper installation or incorrect selection of elements according to their characteristics. Let’s consider the main types of breakdowns and the main reasons for their occurrence.
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Repair of the gutter
Most often, defects occur in this particular component. The gutter is an open pipe with a cross-sectional area of 28 to 177 mm2. It’s installed on the eaves of the roof and all the water flowing down from its surface gets into it.
The most common problem is clogging with fallen leaves or other debris. For cleaning, you just need to remove the formed plug and flush the entire line under the pressure of water.
It’s important to remove all debris before water flushing. Otherwise, it can clog the hoppers and vertical drainpipes. They are much more difficult to clean than gutters.
We have come to the essence of the article. If the previous solution doesn’t apply to your problem, it probably consists of a loose gutter mount. This element withstands a huge load during the operation of the drainage system. Gutter fixings should be less than 60 cm apart and downpipes less than 300 cm apart.
When replacing, the first step is to find out which item is defective. The main symptom of a malfunction is the noise generated by pipes or gutters when they hit the mount during precipitation.
In the absence of visible defects, the reason for the noise is most likely a loosening of the fastening. In this case, you need to wrap up the screws and make them stronger. If there is a defect, then a complete replacement of the fastening hook must be performed. For this, you need to take the screws off, and then dismantle the fasteners of the drainage system.
Long screws with a large diameter are used to fix the new fasteners since the installation is carried out in the same holes on the logs or the front board. Next, check the strength and screw the fastener to the pipe or gutter.
After the repair of the drain, the conformity of the angle of inclination, check the tightness of the joints, and the strength of the connection again.
The correct operation of the drainage system plays an extremely important role. As soon as an organized drainage system breaks down somewhere, it immediately causes damage to the building itself.
Blocked downpipes, being filled with water, become so heavy that the fasteners aren’t able to withstand them, since they aren’t designed for such loads. Even a small amount of debris in the form of fallen leaves and needles can cause damage. Debris reduces the flow of the drain.
At the same time, it delays the foliage brought by the wind and also becomes a substrate for the active development of moss and lichen. In dry periods, wasps and hornets often build nests in drain plugs.
To prevent clogging of the drainage system, it’s necessary to resort to preventive measures. They consist of regular maintenance of pipes, gutters, and funnels.